The Democratic party usually dominates politics around the Pacific coast, the Great Lakes, and the Northeast. While the Republican party usually dominates the Southern States and Middle America. This is why you may hear people say things like “California is a liberal bastion” or “Alabama is where all the conservatives live.”
But why is this? Why does geography play a factor in people’s political beliefs and party preferences? The Pew Research Center finds:
“Urban areas are at the leading edge of racial and ethnic change, with nonwhites now a clear majority of the population in urban counties while solid majorities in suburban and rural areas are white. Urban and suburban counties are gaining population due to an influx of immigrants in both types of counties and domestic migration into suburban areas. In contrast, rural counties have made only minimal gains since 2000 as the number of people leaving for urban or suburban areas has outpaced the number moving in. And while the population is graying in all three types of communities, this is happening more rapidly in the suburbs than in urban and rural counties.
Adults in urban counties, long aligned with the Democratic Party, have moved even more to the left in recent years, and today twice as many urban voters identify as Democrats or lean Democratic as affiliate with the Republican Party. For their part, rural adults have moved more firmly into the Republican camp. More than half (54%) of rural voters now identify with or lean to the GOP, while 38% are Democrats or lean Democratic.”